If you have ever wondered whether child support should still be paid if the parents share custody, you are not alone. In some states, neither of the parents who have joint custody has to pay child support.
Joint Custody and Child Support in Texas
In Texas, child support is paid in most situations where parents have joint custody.
Joint Conservatorship vs. Joint Custody
What people refer to as joint custody in other states is called joint managing conservatorship in Texas. Conservatorship is all about parents conserving and protecting their children. The children are not objects to be possessed but people that have needs. In addition, joint conservatorship does not mean that each parent gets to spend equal time with the child.
In joint managing conservatorship, only one parent has the right to determine the primary residence of the child. This parent is called the primary conservator. The other parent has visitation rights. In fact, the Texas Family Law does not prevent a court from making one joint managing conservator pay child support to the other joint managing conservator. The child’s best interest is what determines the decision of the court.
Calculating Child Support in Texas
The court not only decides who pays the child support but also how much needs to be paid. The first thing the court considers before deciding the amount of child support is the income of the parent that does not live with the child. That means that only the parent that doesn’t live with the child is expected to pay child support. In other states, the amount of money both parents earn and the amount of time they spend with the child is used to calculate the amount of child support.
In Texas, 20% of the resources of the non-custodial parent are put aside for child support. If there is more than one child, 5% is added on top of the 20% for each of the other children who are before the court. The amount of child support may be reduced if the paying parent has children from another marriage whom that parent supports.
Parents Agreeing on Zero Child Support
Parents can agree on more creative methods to take care of their children through mediation. If the parents reach an agreement during mediation the court is very likely to approve that agreement. In fact, cases that are settled in the mediation stage have a 95% chance of being finalized in court. However, if the parents fail to agree clearly on how the children will be supported after the divorce, the court will not approve it. The court only approves agreements that are presumed to be in the best interest of the child. So it is up to the parents to prove to the court that the agreement they reached during mediation is in the best interest of the child.
“Best Interests of the Child”
Courts in Texas are always guided by the best interests of the child when making a child custody or visitation order. This simply means that the court strives to make a decision that best serves the child’s emotional, mental and physical needs.